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Cotton Cost of Production Resources (Scroll Down for More Discussion)



Step One in Developing a Cotton Marketing Plan:

Figure Your Farm's Per Unit Costs of Production

In order to plan how to price your cotton, you have to have an accurate and complete estimate of your expected cotton production costs (in dollars per pound of yield). Obviously, your expected costs and yields may differ from what actually turns out, but for planning purposes you still need a good working estimate.

The best source of both cost and yield information is from your own records, averaged across five to ten years of history.

In Texas, there are a number of resources that can assist you in identifying and organizing your cost information so that it is as accurate and complete as possible.

Agricultural economists with Texas Cooperative Extension publish planning budgets like the one displayed to the left. These are useful to identify the kinds of costs you should be keeping records of. You can find Extension Budgets for your area at .

You can work with the Texas A&M's FARM Assistance program to create a customized strategic plan for your farming operation that includes cost of production projections based on your own records.

Texas A&M's Agriculture and Food Policy Center periodically publishes cost and financial information from representative cotton farming operations in Texas. Their reports can be found at .

Texas Tech's Cotton Economics Research Institute has several on-line cotton cost calculators. you can enter information about your production and harvest operations, and have them calculate per acre cost estimates. These tools can be accessed by going to this site:

Plains Cotton Growers, Inc. has a collection of 2004-2005 seed cost data to let you compare/confirm/budget for seed costs (a major expense). This information can be accessed at

Lastly, USDA's Economic Research Service conducts nationwide surveys of farmers, and publishes costs of production estimates based on those surveys. This information is available on-line at .

The Cotton Marketing Planner

Dr. John R.C. Robinson
Associate Professor
Extension Economist-Cotton Marketing
Department of Agricultural Economics
Texas A&M University
2124 TAMU
College Station, TX 77843-2124
Phone: (979) 845-8011
Fax: (979) 845-4906